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The Peer Review process is supported by the Metro Denver Dental Society and has a long history of helping to resolve disputes between patients and member dentists. This service has proven most effective when the participants understand its purpose and just as importantly, its limitations. The information listed below is designed to help you better understand Peer Review, avoid misunderstandings of the process and see how Peer Review can be of assistance to you in resolving your dispute. If you have questions, please contact Marlene Pakish at (303) 488-9700 ext. 3268 or

What is the criteria for acceptance?
  • Appropriateness of Treatment: This is defined as professional acceptability of planned or completed treatments to include the necessity of treatment and consistency with diagnosis.
  • Quality of Care: This is defined as an evaluation of the treatment provided using the standards which generally prevail within the profession by those who routinely perform the treatment in question.
What is the process for review?
  • A Request for Dental Services Review form is submitted by the patient to the Colorado Dental Association.
  • The Request is reviewed for completeness and appropriateness and referred to the Colorado Dental Association Council on Peer Review for approval or rejection based on criteria.
  • If approved, the Request is sent to the Chairman of the MDDS peer review committee for mediation. He assigns one member of the Committee to mediate the problem.
  • The mediator contacts all parties and attempts to resolve the problem. A clinical examination or record collection is not conducted during the process of mediation.
  • If the problem is successfully mediated, all parties sign a Resolution Agreement. Following the completion of terms by all parties, a final written report is issued and permission to close the case is submitted to the MDDS Committee Chairman and to The Colorado Dental Association.
  • If mediation is not successful and further action is necessary, the Chairman is accordingly advised.
  • If the patient wants to enter the next stage of review, arbitration, he/she will be required to sign a release authorizing the arbitration thereby giving up their future rights to proceed to a court of law following this review.
  • A Committee of at least three (3) dentists is appointed to review the case.
  • Following the collection of all relevant materials from all parties, including a possible examination of the patient, The Committee concludes its review and all parties are notified of the decision and recommendations in writing.
How long will the review take?
  • Generally, once received the mediation stage can take anywhere from one to three weeks depending on the complexity of the complaint. Arbitration, on the other hand, may take from one to three months depending on the timing of record collection, patient examination, arbitrator meetings and, of course, the complexity of the case.
What is the criteria for appeal?

Criteria for appeal must be supported by evidence of one or more of the following criteria:

  • Proper procedures were not followed by the peer review committee.
  • Additional information, which was not available to the reviewing committee, has become available;

The decision of the review committee appears contrary to the information presented.
Upon receipt of a request for an appeal, the Council may:

  • Request additional information and/or documents from any of the parties involved.
  • Request a consultation with other organizations or specialist consultants.

The CDA Council on Peer Review will consider all the facts in the case and determine what action is necessary. The Council may:

  • Deny the appeal and let the components decision stand,
  • Refer the case back to the component for further review if the initial review is considered inadequate or incomplete, or if there is new information that was not available to the committee when making its original decision, or
  • Agree to review the matter and make a decision. Should the Council decide to evaluate the decision, it will evaluate the case for procedural errors. If quality of care is involved, the case may require a clinical examination of the patient by at least three (3) members of the Council.

Following the review of all pertinent information, the Council will render a final decision. The decision of the CDA Council on Peer Review is final within the peer review context.

What matters are usually not accepted by peer review?
  • Litigation: It is not within the authority of peer review to accept cases in which a lawsuit has been filed. An exception to this condition is the instance in which a dentist has initiated litigation for the collection of a fee.
  • Cases in which the dental care provider is not a member of the Colorado Dental Association.
  • Cases in which the Council on Peer Review finds that the case has been reviewed or is currently in review by the State Board of Dental Examiners, other state peer review committees, third party carriers or managed care review bodies.
  • The MDDS component does not review insurance fees/policies, disputes, or usualness of fees charged by dentists within the community.
What if the committee finds against me?
  • The maximum a patient may recover in Peer Review is the amount he/she paid the dentist. If an exchange of monies is part of the resolution, monies paid to an insurance carrier are returned to that carrier even if the patient is no longer with that provider. It is usual that a release form and satisfaction of claims be signed especially if there is an exchange of money.
Can I appeal the decision?
  • Yes, to the Colorado Dental Association Council on Peer Review. Any component peer review decision may be appealed if the appealing party requests the review in writing within thirty (30) days after the involved parties are notified. All decisions of the CDA Council on Peer Review are final.
Which organizations sanction dental Peer Review?

Metro Denver Dental Society (MDDS)
(303) 488-9700

Colorado Dental Association (CDA)
(303) 740-6900

American Dental Association (ADA)
(800) 621-8099

Colorado Dental Board
(303) 894-7800


The Metro Denver Dental Society is a not-for-profit component society of the American Dental Association and the Colorado Dental Association.

The MDDS is an ADA CERP Recognized Provider. ADA CERP is a service of the American Dental Association to assist dental professionals in identifying quality providers of continuing dental education. ADA CERP does not approve or endorse individual courses or instructors, nor does it imply acceptance of credit hours by boards of dentistry. MDDS designates courses for the number of CE hours listed with each course. MDDS credits are approved by the AGD for Fellowship and Mastership credits.

Course Disclaimer: MDDS makes every effort to present high caliber speakers in their respective areas of expertise. MDDS courses are offered as information only and not as financial, accounting, legal or other professional advice. Attendees must consult with their own professional advisers. In addition, each participant must decide the merit and practicality of the material presented. The ideas and comments expressed during the courses are not necessarily endorsed by or are those of MDDS. MDDS warns attendees about the potential risks of using limited knowledge when integrating new techniques into your practices.